On September 4, 2008, in American Bankers Association v. Lockyer, No. 05-17163, 2008 WL 4070308 (9th Cir. Sept. 4, 2008), the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals revived part of the California Financial Information Privacy Act (“S.B. 1”), allowing consumers to opt-out of certain information-sharing activities between financial institutions and their affiliates. Previously, in the 2005 case American Bankers Ass’n. v. Gould, 412 F.3d 1081 (9th Cir. 2005), the Ninth Circuit ruled that the state statute was preempted by provisions of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”) regarding affiliate sharing of “consumer report” information. The recent 2-1 decision preserves consumers’ rights under California law to restrict affiliate data-sharing related to non-consumer report information.