By a decision dated October 14, 2010, and published on December 8, 2010, the French Data Protection Agency (known under the acronym CNIL) revised the deliberation that it issued on December 8, 2005.
At that time, the CNIL had issued a deliberation to reach a compromise between the United States' Sarbanes-Oxley ("SOX") requirements and French law. According to Article 1 of that deliberation, companies were authorized to adopt whistleblowing systems implemented in response to French legislative mandates, regulatory internal control requirements (e.g. regulations governing banking institutions), or the whistleblowing requirements of the SOX Act. According to Article 3 of the 2005 deliberation, alleged wrongdoings not encompassed within these core areas may be covered by the whistleblowing system only if vital interests of the company or the physical or psychological integrity of its employees were threatened.
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To assist companies to comply with European data protection laws, in particular those implemented in France, the French Data Protection Agency (known as "CNIL") recently issued a set of guidelines organized by topic which provide elementary precautions to be taken by data controllers in several subject areas, including what types of conduct are prohibited as well as the CNIL's recommendations in these areas.
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With social networking sites proliferating across international boundaries, privacy and data protection concerns are becoming increasingly relevant. With these concerns in mind, the Article 29 Working Party, an independent European advisory body on data protection and privacy, adopted an opinion on online social networking on June 12, 2009. As noted by the Working Party, the … Continue Reading
The UK Information Commissioner Office ("ICO", the UK data privacy agency) has recently issued an informative code of practice to assist companies collecting personal data so that they can better draft clear privacy notices to data subjects about how the company intends to use personal data, and especially when such data is considered to be … Continue Reading
The European Commission Article 29 Data Protection Working Party ("Working Party") recently released its opinion on data protection issues related to search engines. The opinion specifically addresses the applicability of the Data Protection Directive (95/46/EC) and the Data Retention Directive (2006/24/EC) to the processing of personal data by search engines.
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According to a proposed settlement announced by the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) on March 27, 2008, discount retailer TJX will be required to implement a comprehensive information security program to remedy deficiencies in protecting sensitive consumer information. If approved, the settlement will resolve allegations that the company engaged in practices that failed to provide reasonable and … Continue Reading
Lawmakers in six states have responded quickly to the massive data breach at TJX Companies, Inc. with various bills designed to strengthen merchant security and/or render companies liable for third party companies’ costs arising from data breaches. These latest bills – introduced in California, Connecticut, Illinois, Massachusetts, Minnesota and Texas – represent a new front of … Continue Reading
Last month the French subsidiary of the U.S. based company, Tyco Healthcare, became the first local branch of a U.S. company to be fined for data protection violations. France’s data protection agency, La Commission Nationale de L’informatique et des Libertes (CNIL) levied a fine of 30,000 euro (or about $40,350) against the company after it … Continue Reading
Dubai recently became the first Arab nation to enact a substantial Data Protection Law (DIFC Law No. 1 of 2007) that aims to protect the personal information of its citizens. In a statement announcing the new law, Dubai called the enactment “pioneering in the region” and an examination of the law reveals that the description is rightly … Continue Reading
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