Massachusetts is now the 39th state to enact a personal data breach notification law. On August 2, Governor Deval Patrick signed the law, requiring that businesses and government agencies notify residents of data breaches in certain situations. The law requires that a person or agency that owns or licenses personal information about a resident of the commonwealth notify the attorney general, the director of consumer affairs and business regulation, and the affected resident if it “knows or has reason to know of a breach of security” or “knows or has reason to know that the personal information of such resident was acquired or used by an unauthorized person or used for an unauthorized purpose.” Notice also must be provided to consumer reporting agencies and state agencies identified by the director of consumer affairs and business regulation.
Unlike the majority of state breach notification laws, Massachusetts defines a “breach of security” to include hard copy, as well as electronic data. A breach is defined as “the unauthorized acquisition or unauthorized use of unencrypted data or, encrypted electronic data and the confidential process or key that is capable of compromising the security, confidentiality, or integrity of personal information, maintained by a person or agency that creates a substantial risk of identity theft or fraud against a resident of the commonwealth.” The only other states that currently require notification in the event of a breach involving hard copy data are Hawaii, Indiana, North Carolina, and Wisconsin.
The law defines “personal information” as a resident’s first name and last name or first initial and last name in combination with any one or more of the following: 1) Social Security number, 2) driver’s license number or state-issued identification card number, or 3) financial account number, or credit or debit card number, with or without any required security code, access code, personal identification number or password, that would permit access to a resident’s financial account.
The new law can be found here.